At first regard, it may feel like the climate extremity is an equal- occasion bone
Many extreme rainfall events linked to global warming aren’t picky with respect to a nation’s income or GDP. We saw this in 2021 with deadly cataracts in Europe, as well as record-breaking cataracts in China, and a combination of extreme downtime temperatures and hurricanes in the United States. many organizations charged with ranking the countries most affected by climate change eclipse their lists with countries like Japan and Germany.
Yet Advanced- income countries generally have further coffers to deal with the necessary impacts of climate change. Low-income countries do not. Drawing on data and rankings from the Notre Dame Global Adaptation Initiative and German watch’s Climate Risk Index then our breakdown( in alphabetical order) of 10 countries hit hardest by the climate extremity.
Between 1950 and 2010, Afghanistan’s temperature rose by 1.8°C, and optimism about the country’s climate crisis has seen a minimal increase of 1.4°C by 2050 (worst In our scenario, the end of 2010). this century). Rainfall in the country has decreased by 40%, and the World Food Program ranks both rainfall-related drought and snowmelt-related drought as current threats (same warming conditions in the Hindu Kush mountains equal to Pakistan). affected). WFP also notes that flooding is occurring in other areas, sometimes in areas hit by the same drought, as a result of both heavy spring showers of rain and increased snowmelt flooding rivers. The capital Kabul and surrounding areas, which produce much of the country’s crops, have been particularly hard hit by drought and flooding, which has increased the risk of hunger.
Coastal areas and island nations are among the greatest risks associated with the climate crisis from rising sea levels. Like the Philippines, Bangladesh has been battling the impacts of climate change for decades, and it ranks seventh on the German watch’s Climate Risk Index (CRI) in terms of cumulative risk from 2000 to 2019. Ranked. During that time, the country experienced 185 extreme weather events, which in total cost him $3.72 billion.
These emergencies affect almost everyone in the country. According to her USAID report in 2018, 89% of her Bangladeshis (about 143 million people) live in areas of “high” or “very high” climate impact. 75% of Bangladesh is below sea level and it is estimated that sea level rise will result in the loss of 11% of the country by 2050. This could result in 1 in 7 of her being forced out of their homes in Bangladesh.
Chad currently ranks last in the University of Notre Dame Global Adaptation Initiative Index, making her the fourth most vulnerable country to climate change and the second least prepared for its impacts. It is also ranked as a country. Over the past 50 years, rising temperatures, drought, and exploitation have caused 90% of the country’s largest lake, Lake Chad, to disappear, turning it into a dust basin.
This is just one example of the deterioration Chad has experienced over the last 100 years. The Lake Chad basin is being further eroded by torrential rains, another extreme weather event linked to climate change. Desert areas are not ready to receive water, so this area is prone to flooding.
Kenya ranks slightly higher than other low-income countries in the Global Adaptation Initiative index, but that does not mean that the impacts of the climate crisis are less severe, especially in regions like the northwest Turkana region. No. This part of Kenya has been hit hard as part of a major drought in the Horn of Africa–the worst in 40 years for the region. The drought alone is estimated to have cost Kenya more than $708 million (€678 million) in losses, and German watch ranks it most affected by climate change in its 2020 Climate Risk Index. We ranked Kenya as one of the countries. The fact that Kenya is East Africa’s largest economy does not absolve it of the risks of climate change. If a country suffers from the economic and infrastructural impacts of global warming, it could even have significant impacts on neighboring countries. This is one of the reasons why the Kenyan government has allocated critical resources to respond to the crisis and build resilience in their communities. Less than 0.1% of global greenhouse gas emissions, but we are also committed to reducing these emissions by 32% by 2030.
Malawi was the epicenter of Cyclone Idai in 2019, along with Mozambique and Zimbabwe. United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres called it “one of the worst weather-related disasters in Africa’s history” and, overall, Idai affected 3 million people, killed more than 1,000, and killed 2.2 billion people. caused dollar damage (April 2, 2019). ) has occurred.
But this is just one of the latest events in a string of climate change dating back to 1961. Increased extreme weather events contribute to the country’s poverty and hunger rates. Although the Idai floods destroyed many people’s crops, unpredictable rainfall and drought pose a greater threat to agriculture in the country, which provides a livelihood for about 80% of the working population.
Former Prime Minister Joseph Joute, who was the country’s environment minister in 2019, likened the climate crisis to his country’s violence at COP25, saying, “Climate change is a huge fear for Haiti. The ongoing humanitarian crisis in Haiti and its high poverty rate are partly to blame is very difficult.”. According to World Bank estimates, Haiti has lost 98% of its forests, making it even more vulnerable to complex emergencies from strikes.
Many countries in the Caribbean, including the Dominican Republic, which shares Hispaniola with Haiti, are located in Hurricane Her Belt and are suffering from the effects of global warming. However, many of these countries also have better systems of response and resilience. More than 96% of Haitians are at risk in the event of a disaster, and the damage suffered as a result of these emergencies poses a significant economic burden. The World Bank also estimates that Hurricane Matthew caused damage equivalent to almost a third of the country’s GDP in 2016. The 2010 earthquake, which killed about 250,000 people, cost him 120% of the country’s GDP.
With more than 80% of Nigerians dependent on agriculture for their livelihoods and face a country whose temperatures are rising 1.5 times faster than her in the world, this prospect is becoming increasingly perilous. . Climate experts predict that by the end of this century the temperature will rise by 3 to the 6 degrees Celsius, with devastating effects on the Sahel. Already vulnerable to hunger, water scarcity, and violence, Niger could face even greater stress and crisis if the current climate crisis continues.
Since 1968, the country has faced several years of drought that affected nearly a third of the country’s population at the beginning of this century. This has had a direct impact on Niger’s agriculture, with the World Bank reporting a decline in crop quantity and quality since the 1970s. Conversely, flooding is also a recurring hazard, especially in the south. Both risks are expected to worsen in the near future, with Niger’s most vulnerable farmers paying the highest price.
In recent decades, a series of crises in Somalia have severely impacted the country’s ability to cope with one of the greatest threats facing it today: climate change. Along with Kenya and Ethiopia, Somalia is now facing the effects of the worst drought to hit the Horn of Africa in 40 years, with several parts of the country facing widespread famine as a result. Over 60% of her Somalis are pastoralists. Their survival, therefore, depends on sufficient rainfall to keep livestock healthy and well nourished. Over the past decade, this has become an increasingly difficult goal to achieve. The same applies to a Somali farmer whose business contributes his 65% of the country’s GDP. One of the reasons why things are so bad in this country is the civil war of the last 30 years. The conflict has hindered the development and maintenance of healthy infrastructure with government-led climate response systems to protect civilians from these shocks. This, combined with high levels of vulnerability, puts the public in an increasingly precarious position.
Second only to Bangladesh in her CRI for cumulative risk is Pakistan, which German watch ranks as the eighth most climate-vulnerable country in the world. In July last year, temperatures in the Sindh city of Jacobabad (which New York Times writer Fatima Bhutto has called the hottest city in Asia, if not the world) topped 126°F, marking a “humanly acceptable temperature.” The World Bank called Karachi, another city in Sindh province a “climate hotspot,” estimating an increase in climate events and their impact on the city’s 14.9 million inhabitants.
Bhutto said much of this was due to Pakistan’s rapid deforestation, which was 33% forest when the country was founded in 1947. “There is currently only about 4 percent tree cover,” Bhutto said, adding that this was “mainly due to illegal logging by the logging mafia.” Due to its narrow coverage, the country is one of the countries where temperatures are projected to rise by 3.9°F over the next 30 years. Glaciers in the Hindu Kush, Himalayas, and Karakorum mountains are melting, causing severe drought. (Pakistan already has one of the highest rates of water stress and scarcity in the world.) The situation will worsen, hitting the most vulnerable Pakistanis, especially those who depend on agriculture and pastoralism for their survival. May give.
In 2016, climate scientist Jos Lelieveld told CNN that parts of North Africa will become “uninhabitable” due to rising temperatures this century. One of the most vulnerable regions in Sudan. A 2019 report ranked him as one of the 10 countries most affected by climate change, and the latest data from Notre Dame put him at risk for both vulnerability and ability to respond. He ranks sixth as an exposed country. Like Somalia and other countries on this list, Sudan’s vulnerability is based not only on drought and variability in rainfall but on the fact that much of its population depends on agriculture and pastoral livelihoods. Nor is it based solely on The ongoing conflict and instability that make life difficult for Sudanese civilians, often resulting in forced displacement and increasing demands on already limited resources.
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